Ruling Party Continues Its March Towards Authoritarianism

We have grown used to Poland’s ruling party, Law and Justice (PiS), which constantly shifts the boundaries of what is acceptable under a democratic regime. International outrage was spark by the seizing of the Constitutional Court’s control and the plan to ban all abortions. Two protest groups were formed. The Committee for the Defence of Democracy, (KOD), and the Black Protest.

The former was able to mobilize tens of thousands of discontented people to the streets, but not to make any concessions. However, the government was force to slow down by the widespread protests against the abortion law. The total ban on abortions then put on hold.

This was the most significant success story of Polish civic protestors. But if the government makes a controversial move towards limiting civil rights in Poland, the Poles will have to take to the streets. Three disconcerting events in the last few weeks have demonstrated the government’s intent to restrict plurality of opinions.

Attacks On Non-Governmental Ruling Organizations

It can be difficult to work in Eastern Europe as a non-governmental or non-profit organization. NGOs in the Czech Republic are regularly attack and even call unnecessary by some. Viktor Orban’s government in Hungary terrorizes NGOs by performing nonsensical financial audits. They call them foreign agents.

Law and Justice Party in Poland is following the lead of Vaclav Klaus. Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Law and Justice Party leader, views civil society as redundant, a third sector that interferes with the government and people in a similar fashion to Vaclav Klaus, the former Czech president. His position makes it more difficult for NGO to work.

The right-wing media and state-run television have launched a systematic attack on civil society groups. They accuse them of taking grant money from the state and stealing money from other countries in order to undermine the government.

Organizations like the Stefan Batory Foundation which funds many civic and community activities in Poland and Krytyka Polityczna (left-leaning publishing house) have been accuse as agents of George Soros and his Open Society Foundations.

Nongovernmental Ruling Organizations

Nongovernmental organizations that oppose the government have no choice but to do so. If they receive funding from the state, it’s only for dissemination of leftist propaganda with taxpayers’ funds. They are guilty of seeking outside interests if they are fund by outside sources.

It doesn’t matter that right-wing NGO take outside money as well as that all of the accused organizations publish information on their funding sources on its web pages. In this instance, transparency does more harm than good. Poland has become a country of post-truth.

The government is currently working to establish a National Centre for the Development of Civil Society. This will oversee the distribution of funds towards non-profits. PiS is now deploying a larger, more powerful mutt to replace the traditional role played by civil society organizations in liberal democracies as a watchdog, barking at undemocratic actions.

It’s not difficult to predict what types of organizations the new center will support. Preference will given to traditional families, Catholic values, and patriotic causes. Although the government can’t ban outside funding, it can cut off state funding for many organisations.

Freedom Of Assembly Freedom Of Assembly Is Not For Everyone

A Polish parliament amendment to the law regarding freedom of assembly threatens civic activity further. Its purpose is to restrict public assembly, except when the event is being organized by the Catholic Church or the state. The right to protest publically was previously reserved for the first group to register its intentions through the appropriate channels.

This amendment appears to be a legal tool to stop conflicts between demonstrators, by preventing two events from occurring at the same moment. In reality, it simply means that government-approved events have priority over all others. Law and Justice’s efforts to remove opposition groups from the streets are reinforced by a clause that refers cyclical gatherings occurring on state holidays. These will override one-time demonstrations.

March Of Nationalists Ruling

In practice, this means that the regular march of nationalists on Polish Independence Day will be permit. But an anti-nationalist counter-demonstration could dismiss simply because it would be competition.

The European Commissioner for Human Rights, the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights, and the Polish Ombudsman raised concerns. Obywatele RP (liberal civic organization) is calling for a demonstration December 10th. The Committee for the Defence of Democracy plans to march on the 13th.

It might not be very effective. This civil movement seems to be losing popularity as there was a lower. Turnout than expected at the last protest, November 11.


China The Potential Driver Of A New Wave Of Global

China’s global foreign policies have changed from a keeping a low profile to one. That is striving towards achievement since the 2008 global financial crisis. China’s diplomatic practice and thinking has been shaped by its political, economic and symbolic capital. It is not only concerned with the short-term economic gain. It has emphasized the long-term effects of its actions on both international system outlook and country’s position within it.

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is one way it is attempting to do this. Also known as the 21st century Silk Road, The BRI was officially announced in 2013. It brings together many pre-existing and new elements to strengthen. The link between China’s global imperatives as well as its domestic imperatives. It is now a central point for China’s ideas, resources, and institutions.

The BRI is an idea with Chinese characteristics. It is characterised in incrementalism, inductive thought, and experimentation. It is not one project. The different sections and legs of the project differ greatly from each other. For example, it includes a significant China-Pakistan Economic Corridor that has a significant developmental component.

On May 14-15, dozens of heads and other representatives from governments around the globe gathered at Beijing’s BRI Forum. While initially announced with a focus on Asia, Europe, and parts of Africa. The BRI now aims to include the Americas as well as Oceania.

Global Growth

China has experienced economic growth over the past four decades through its integration in the global economy, and gradual improvement in its position around the world. Without the growth of others, China’s economic growth would not have been possible.

China is today the second-largest country in the world (and poised to surpass the US in the very near future), and the engine of the global economy. It is the key to global economic growth. China is expect to play a greater role in shaping the future global economy. The BRI is just one of many ways it will do so. The BRI promotes strategic economic partnerships and multilateral lending to address investment, employment, and economic development. This is in the interest of reinvigorating global economy growth.

China’s main concept is production capacity cooperation. This can be describe as pooling resources to meet one another’s needs. This is a way to strengthen trade routes and supply chains and ensure sustainable flows for goods and services. This global initiative surpasses all other plans and is seven times more than the post-second World War US Marshall Plan.

Global Market And State

Chinese policymakers have used their own experiences of reforming and opening up as well as the evolving ideology of Communist Party of China (CPC) to develop the BRI. The BRI is based on the core tenets and principles of Sinified Marxism today: The state is responsible for bringing about prosperity and the market is the primary instrument to achieve this.

Alvin Y., a developmental sociologist, used the term state-market nexus to describe the complex state-market nexus that exists in China. So and YinWah Chu suggest the deliberately self-contradicting term, state neoliberalism, as opposed to Western-styled market neoliberalism.

It states that party-states must be strong and politically stable to be able act decisively in fine-tuning market flows (both advancing, and reversing), the scope and intensity regulation, and to create exceptions such as free economic zones.

Stimulating Innovation

The BRI emphasizes that the state is responsible for stimulating innovation, which is key to economic growth. This form of governance allows the state integration in global neoliberalism while also developing a particular, neoliberal governmentality, or rather political technology, within the web of laws and policies.

The example of China and the so-called China Model are often mention as examples in the debate about bringing back the state in the economy. Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel laureate, has described the rise of China as a wake up call for how we view the global economy. This has been use by Chinese policymakers to increase their legitimacy and soft power.

The notion of a strong, stable state has led to debates about the impact of China’s BRI. Upon democracy around the world. However, Chinese scholars and policymakers have also argued against universal blueprints. They repeatedly stressed the inability to replicate China’s experience. They urged all countries to exercise their sovereignty and decide what development model is best suit to their particular circumstances.


Open Data Can Help The Global South, From Disaster Relief

Modern times are mark by a growing belief in the power and potential of data. Big data, open data, and evidence-based decision-making have all become popular buzzwords. They are tout as solutions for the world’s most persistent and complex problems, including corruption, famine, and the refugee crisis.

This trend is most evident in countries with higher incomes, but it is also emerging worldwide. There are high hopes that developing countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia will have access to data that can increase transparency, foster sustainable development, and build climate resilience. It is an exciting prospect. But can data sharing actually make a difference in peoples lives?

Getting Data-Driven About Data

This question was explore by the Gov Lab at New York University over the past year. We gathered evidence in partnership with USAID, FHI 360, and the World Wide Web Foundation to determine the role of open data, especially government, in developing countries.

Our 12 case studies are now available. Open Data in Developing Economies Toward Building an Evidence Basis on What Works and How provides a detailed look at the outcomes of open data projects in the developing world. Conclusion the enthusiasm is valid, provide it is balance with some realism. These are the six main takeaways.

We Need A Framework

Overall, there are still very few evidence to support the optimistic claims that open can foster sustainable development and transform governance. This is not surprising considering the very early stages of many open data initiatives.

Although it may not be too early to evaluate the impact of opening, it is possible to create a model that will allow us to eventually assess the impact over time

The Gov Lab created an evidence-based framework to capture the importance of open in developing nations. Below is the Open Data Logic Framework. It focuses on different points of the open value chain, including supply, demand, use, and impact.

Open Data Holds Real Promise

Based on this framework, and the evidence it contains, we can confidently conclude that open-data does indeed spur development. However, only under certain conditions and in the right ecosystem.

After the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, a well-known success was when open allowed NGOs to map important landmarks like roads and health facilities.

The International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (ICCA) launched Aclimate Colombia in Colombia. This tool gives smallholder farmers data-driven insights into their planting strategies, making them more resilient to climate changes. We found many examples of transformative experiences that were not only amazing but also challenging.

A pair of education-information dashboards in Tanzania, for example, were launch with good intentions (to improve student test scores by empowering families with information on school quality). These efforts quickly failed to realize the need for long-term strategies that would scale them and sustain their impact.

We Found Four Main Areas

where open data can make a difference in people’s lives. This was after we examined projects in several critical sectors, including education, health, humanitarian aid and agriculture.

Open can help improve governance. This is what happened in Burundi, where the results-based financing system was made public. This information improved transparency and accountability by linking development aid to predetermined target results.

Data can empower citizens, enabling them to make better decisions. Kenya’s GotToVote! provides information about voter registration centers. This system raised voter awareness and, therefore, increased turnout.

Data can also be used to enable economic growth and innovation. The Esoko platform in Ghana is helping smallholder farmers maximize the value of their crops through providing valuable information about the increasingly complex global food chain.

Data can also be used to assist citizens, governments and NGOs in solving major problems. Paraguay has had dengue since 2009. Researchers recently developed a tool to predict outbreaks of the disease using open data.

Data Can Be A Development Asset

While both developed and developing nations can see these effects, we believe open can play a significant role in developing countries. Open can help to create a more democratic and equitable distribution of knowledge and information in areas where is scarce. This is often the case in poorer countries. This can lead to a greater range of expertise in solving complex problems. It’s what we call open innovation in the field.

This quality could allow developing countries with limited resources to tap into the best minds and make use of them. Because trust in government is low in many emerging economies, transparency can have long-lasting effects that extend beyond the data’s immediate impact.